The Evolution of Cryptocurrency Payments

On January 12, 2009, the first ever Bitcoin
transaction between the still-elusive Satoshi Nakamoto and the late
cryptocurrency pioneer Hal Finney was made. As Finney himself described in a
forum post he made on March 2014, Nakamoto had sent him 10 Bitcoins to test out
what was then a newly launched system.

More than a decade later, the methods of
transacting Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies have evolved alongside the
currencies themselves, adapting with newer technologies and market demands.
Here, we take a look at how cryptocurrency payments have changed over time:

First
recorded product purchase with Bitcoin: pizzas

When Nakamoto sent those 10 Bitcoins to Finney,
the two completed the transaction through a PC-based program specifically made
to handle Bitcoin transactions. In a sense, those 10 Bitcoins were sent to
Finney similar to how one would send files over an email, although using a more
secure underlying network. And while Bitcoin was moving between the digital
“wallets” of its early adopters, it wasn’t until over a year after the
inaugural transaction between Nakamoto and Finney when the first Bitcoin
purchase was made.

On May 22, 2010, a programmer and early Bitcoin
adopter named Laszlo Hanyecz sent 10,000 BTC to another user on BitcoinTalk, a
Bitcoin-focused online forum, which was used as payment for two large Papa
John’s pizzas delivered to Hanyecz’s house. While today that would mean
purchasing two large pizzas for over $58 million, the transaction at that time
valued those 10,000 BTC at around $40.

While it wasn’t a Bitcoin purchase in every sense
of the word—the recipient of the 10,000 BTC had to pay for the two pizzas with
his own fiat money—the event is widely considered as the first ever recorded
product purchase using Bitcoin, one that’s celebrated every year as Bitcoin
Pizza Day.

Bringing
it to online shops

It would take several months before
cryptocurrency payments can be made without needing to shell out fiat currency
in the process, and one innovation that brought them a step forward was the
formation of dedicated cryptocurrency payment processors. Similar to PayPal,
these digital applications allowed e-commerce platforms and other online
retailers to accept Bitcoin, and subsequently other cryptocurrencies, as a
payment option.

One of the earliest payment processors that
remain active today is BitPay, an
American company founded in 2011. Online shops that signed up with BitPay were
able to add Bitcoin to the list of possible payment methods for their
customers. A year after it launched, the company was able to partner with over
1,000 online merchants.

Since then, several other cryptocurrency-focused
payment processors have popped up, and they all espouse the various benefits of
cryptocurrency payments over other traditional methods. These include
cryptocurrency’s unparalleled security that makes it much safer against fraud
than other digital payment methods; its much cheaper transaction fees due to
the use of blockchain technology; and its almost borderless capabilities allowing
merchants to accept payments from all over the world.

Catching
the big fish

While cryptocurrency was slowly but steadily
becoming a legitimate payment method in the digital space, many were still
wary—or downright skeptical—of its security and risk. While that wariness and
skepticism is still present in several spaces today, a number of notable names
have turned those perceptions around by adopting Bitcoin and other virtual
currencies into their payment networks.

One of cryptocurrency payments’ first notable
wins was WordPress, which began
accepting Bitcoin payments for its premium features by the end of 2012, being
enabled by BitPay. Two years later, tech giant Microsoft becomes the first company of its caliber to
enable cryptocurrency payments within its ecosystem, accepting Bitcoin for
digital purchases of Windows apps and Xbox games.

But perhaps one of the
biggest wins for the cryptocurrency industry in those years was PayPal’s adoption of cryptocurrencies
into its platform, albeit in only certain types of transactions back in 2014.
It partnered with three payment processors—BitPay,
Coinbase, and GoCoin—to enable Bitcoin as a payment method for transactions
involving digital commodities such as video games and music.

Today, it’s not
uncommon to see online stores, as well as large companies with an online
presence, to accept cryptocurrency as a method of payment. Some have even moved
beyond Bitcoin and begun to accept other major cryptocurrencies such as
Ethereum and Litecoin.

Bringing it offline

While the number of
digital companies accepting cryptocurrency as a mode of payment continues to
grow by the day, it remains a challenge to bring primarily physical and
brick-and-mortar companies into the cryptocurrency ecosystem in an efficient
way. Fortunately, some companies have taken up that challenge, churning out
various innovations that make it possible to bring cryptocurrency payments
offline.

About the author

Pundi X is a company which uses its own XPOS
system, a blockchain-based point-of-sale system that enables brick-and-mortar
stores to accept cryptocurrencies as a payment method via instant transactions.
Systems like this are making it possible for people like Hanyecz to truly pay
for their pizza orders, and many other products and services using
cryptocurrency.